Why was Africa important to the British Empire?
The British wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India. However, when gold and diamonds were discovered in the 1860s-1880s their interest in the region increased. British rule made their country increasingly a country of industry and business.
Why was Africa so important to colonize?
The reasons for African colonisation were mainly economic, political and religious. These countries became involved in a race to acquire more territory on the African continent, but this race was open to all European countries. Britain had had some success in halting the slave trade around the shores of Africa.
What empires were important in Africa?
7 Influential African Empires
- The Kingdom of Kush. Meroë is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile app.
- The Land of Punt. Papyrus showing preparations for an Egyptian journey to Punt. (
- Carthage. Tunisia, Carthage. (
- The Kingdom of Aksum.
- The Mali Empire.
- The Songhai Empire.
- The Great Zimbabwe.
- 5 Myths About Slavery.
What was the most important African Empire?
The most powerful of these states was the Songhai Empire, which expanded rapidly beginning with king Sonni Ali in the 1460s. By 1500, it had risen to stretch from Cameroon to the Maghreb, the largest state in African history.
What was the largest empire in history?
The Mongol Empire
The Mongol Empire existed during the 13th and 14th centuries and it is recognized as being the largest contiguous land empire in history.
What was the purpose of the African empires?
African empires. African empires is an umbrella term used in African studies to refer to a number of pre-colonial African kingdoms in Africa with multinational structures incorporating various populations and polities into a single entity, usually through conquest. Listed below are known African empires and their respective capital cities.
What was the most influential Empire in Africa?
An influential empire was thriving in East Africa during the times of the Roman Empire. The Kingdom of Aksum was a trading giant whose gold and ivory created a vital link between ancient Europe and the Far East. It was one of the first empires in the world to adopt Christianity and was one of the four most powerful empires in the world at the time.
Why is it important to learn about African history?
Black history is powerful. It is inspirational, unique and beautiful. Let’s start treating African history as a social class just as important as European history; our children deserve the chance we never had to learn the truth about their past.
What was the first advanced civilization in Africa?
In fact, African merchants began trading with China and Arabia before Europe. Africa also began independently utilising iron around 5,000 years ago. Advanced civilizations included the Axum Empire of present day Ethiopia and Eritrea, which served as one of four international powers including Persia, Rome and China.
Unlike the sparsely populated Americas or Australia, Africa was a densely populated Continent with many sophisticated societies well adapted to their environment and not cut off entirely from the rest of the World.
What did the Europeans find easy to dominate in Africa?
Still, many African societies were aware of concepts such as literacy, organised religion, iron-making and gunpowder. This meant that Europeans would not find Africans as easy to dominate and intimidate as they were able to do in other parts of the World.
What did the British do with their slaves in Africa?
As far as Africa was concerned, the British gained the legal right to transport slaves directly to the Spanish colonies in Central and Southern America for the first time. This was known as the ‘Asiento’.
When did the Portuguese start trading in Africa?
As early as 1494, the Portuguese had signed agreements with West African leaders to trade rather than seize assets. It just so happened that the prime commodity required evolved from being simple victuals to human beings on an ever increasingly large scale.