Where did the term maroon originate?
The word maroon, first recorded in English in 1666, is by varying accounts taken from the French word marron, which translates to “runaway black slave,” or the American/Spanish cimarrón, which means “wild runaway slave,” “the beast who cannot be tamed,” or “living on mountaintops.” The Spanish originally used the word …
How did the Maroons come to Jamaica?
In 1655, the British conquered much of Jamaica, forcing the Spanish to flee to the northern coast. Rather than become slaves to new masters, vast numbers of Spanish slaves took this opportunity to join the Maroons in the hill country.
Where are Maroons found?
Maroon communities also existed in Africa, from those who fled slave raiders or escaped from coffles along interior slave routes. Maroons also could be found in certain areas of North America, including the Great Dismal Swamp, straddling North Carolina and Virginia, and the Bas de Fleuve region of Louisiana.
What religion did the Maroons practice?
Religion was an important part of Maroon life. They worshipped a god they called Nyancompong or Yankipon. Maroons believed that the spirits of their ancestors were all around them and could be called upon for guidance and protection at any time. They would also stage special ceremonies and feasts to honour their dead.
What language did the Maroons speak?
Jamaican Maroon language, Maroon Spirit language, Kromanti, Jamaican Maroon Creole or Deep patwa is a ritual language and formerly mother tongue of Jamaican Maroons. It is an English-based creole with a strong Akan component, specifically from the Fante dialect of the Central Region of Ghana.
What did the Maroons wear?
Traditionally the Maroons made their own clothing, using cotton as the raw material, which they either grew themselves or stole from plantation cotton fields. They most likely spun threads in the same way as the Amerindians, using a spindle at foot height, then wove the threads into cloth on a simple loom.
Who was native to Jamaica?
The original inhabitants of Jamaica were the indigenous Taíno, an Arawak-speaking people who began arriving on Hispaniola by canoe from the Belize and the Yucatan peninsula sometime before 2000 BCE.
Did Nigerians settle in Jamaica?
Jamaica witnessed an influx of slaves from Nigeria between 1790 to 1809 as Jamaica and Virginia were the major disembarkation points after crossing the Atlantic. Igbo words like oonu -you all and soso-only are in the Jamaican vernacular to this day. Even the term ‘red ibo’ refers to light skin Jamaicans of Igbo decent.
Is Jamaica a poor country?
Jamaica is considered to be one of the slowest and most unstable economies in the world, weakened by high debt rates. As for today, Jamaica’s poverty rate has improved, with a 1.7 percent growth of GDP during 2016 and an expected 2 percent for 2017. Many reforms have been instituted to reduce the country’s debt.
Why is Jamaica so dangerous?
Jamaica also has a bad reputation when it comes to crime, however. There are gangs trafficking drugs across the country, and – especially in certain parts of its cities – violence and gun crime are rife. Tourists aren’t exempt: petty theft and robberies aren’t rare.
Where did the Maroons of Jamaica come from?
The maroons of Jamaica. The Maroons were escaped slaves. They ran away from their Spanish-owned plantations when the British took the Caribbean island of Jamaica from Spain in 1655. The word maroon comes from the Spanish word ‘cimarrones ‘, which meant ‘mountaineers’. They fled to the mountainous areas of Jamaica.
Why did the Spanish call the Maroons Maroons?
The Spanish called these free slaves “Maroons,” a word derived from “Cimarron,” which means “fierce” or “unruly.” In Jamaica, the Maroons occupied a mountainous region known as the “Cockpit,” creating crude fortresses and a culture derived from African and European traditions.
How did the Maroons preserve their African culture?
Enslaved people escaped frequently within the first generation of their arrival from Africa and often preserved their African languages and much of their culture and religion. African traditions included such things as the use of medicinal herbs together with special drums and dances when the herbs are administered to a sick person.
Where did the Leeward Maroons and the abeng live?
The Leeward Maroons were originally found in the mountains of Clarendon, Trelawny and St. Ann, while the Windward group was located in the eastern mountainous regions of St. George (Portland), St. Mary and St. Thomas. The Maroons settled in largely inaccessible, usually mountainous, regions of the island.