What type of world heritage site is Cape Floral Region?

What type of world heritage site is Cape Floral Region?

The Cape Floristic Region, the smallest of the six recognised floral kingdoms of the world, is an area of extraordinarily high diversity and endemism, and is home to over 9,000 vascular plant species, of which 69 percent are endemic….Cape Floristic Region.

UNESCO World Heritage Site
Location South Africa

What is the significance of the Cape Floral Region?

The Cape Floral Region “represents less than 0.5% of the area of Africa, but is home to nearly 20% of the continent’s flora,” Unesco said. “Its plant species diversity, density and endemism are among the highest worldwide, and it has been identified as one of the world’s 18 biodiversity hot-spots.

Is the Cape Floral Kingdom a biome?

Thus, although the Cape Floral Kingdom contains five biomes, only the Fynbos Biome, comprising the Fynbos and Renosterveld vegetation groups, contains most of the floral diversity. Furthermore, the Cape Floral Kingdom traditionally does not include the Fynbos and Renosterveld vegetation outliers to the north and east.

Where is the Cape Floral Region?

South Africa
South Africa carried the dubious title of being home to the world’s hottest hotspot, the Cape Floral Region. Situated at the tip of Africa, this majestic floral kingdom is the only to be fully contained within a single country.

Which animals live in Cape Floral Region?

While the hotspot never supported concentrations of animals as dense as the African savannas, it did once have significant populations of many of the well-known large mammals, including common eland (Tragelaphus oryx), African buffalo (Syncerus caffer), lions (Panthera leo), black rhinoceros, African elephant ( …

What are the 6 floral kingdoms of the world?

Six floral kingdoms—Boreal (Holarctic), Paleotropical, Neotropical, South African (Capensic), Australian,…… All major groups of terrestrial organisms are represented abundantly in tropical rainforests.

What flower can be found in the Cape Floral Region?

Furthermore, five of South Africa’s 12 endemic plant families and 160 endemic genera are found only in this hotspot. Among the best-recognized plant species in the hotspot are the proteas, particularly the king protea (Protea cynaroides), which is South Africa’s national flower, and the red disa (Disa uniflora).

What is the smallest biome in South Africa?

Forests
Forests are southern Africa’s smallest biome, and although it is the region’s largest forest complex (Acocks 1953), the remaining Knysna forest covers a mere 568 km2 (Midgley et al.

Which biome includes one of the world’s richest floral kingdoms?

fynbos vegetation
A plant paradise South Africa’s Cape floral kingdom is one of the richest areas in the world for plant biodiversity. Of the 9,000 plant species found here, a majority are native fynbos vegetation, which covers the region’s magnificent mountains, and lowland valleys and coastal plains.

How many floral kingdoms are there?

six Floral Kingdoms
The world is divided into six Floral Kingdoms, also called Floristic Regions.

Why is fynbos so special?

The species diversity of fynbos is one of the main things that makes it so special. The Fynbos Biome is home to one of the world’s richest floras, with more than 9,000 species of plants occurring within an area the size of Malawi or Portugal.

What fynbos means?

fine-leaved plants
Fynbos (/ˈfeɪnbɒs/; Afrikaans pronunciation: [ˈfɛinbos] meaning fine-leaved plants) is a small belt of natural shrubland or heathland vegetation located in the Western Cape and Eastern Cape provinces of South Africa. This area is predominantly coastal and mountainous, with a Mediterranean climate and rainy winters.

How big is the Cape Floral Region in South Africa?

From the Cape Floral Region Protected Areas World Heritage inscription: A serial site – in Cape Province, South Africa – made up of eight protected areas, covering 553,000 ha, the Cape Floral Region is one of the richest areas for plants in the world.

Where are the floral heritage sites in South Africa?

A serial site in the Western Cape Province – made up of eight protected areas, covering 553,000-ha – has been declared as South Africa’s latest heritage site. The Cape Floral Region is one of the richest areas for plants in the world.

Is the Cape Floristic Province a World Heritage Site?

Meanwhile, it is also the only floristic province in the region, which is why it is also known as the Cape Floristic Province. The Cape Floral Region Protected Areas is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in South Africa. This site itself comprises of 8 areas that are found in the Cape Peninsula to the Eastern Cape.

Which is the only floristic region in South Africa?

The Cape Floristic Region is a floristic region located near the southern tip of South Africa. It is the only floristic region of the Cape (South African) Floristic Kingdom, and includes only one floristic province, known as the Cape Floristic Province. The Cape Floristic Region, the smallest…

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