What group took over Afghanistan in 1998?
By 1998, the Taliban were in control of almost 90% of Afghanistan.
What is the name of the militant Islamist group that began in 1980 in Afghanistan?
Al-Qaeda, Arabic al-Qāʿidah (“the Base”), broad-based militant Islamist organization founded by Osama bin Laden in the late 1980s.
What type of Muslims are in Afghanistan?
About 99% of the population are Muslim. The majority are Sunni Muslims of the Hanafi School (estimated at about 80%). Over the course of the last 30 years, the Deobandi Movements and Salafists (Wahhabis) have gained power among the Sunnis.
Why did Russia invade Afghanistan?
On December 24, 1979, the Soviet Union invades Afghanistan, under the pretext of upholding the Soviet-Afghan Friendship Treaty of 1978. Resistance fighters, called mujahidin, saw the Christian or atheist Soviets controlling Afghanistan as a defilement of Islam as well as of their traditional culture.
When did the Taliban seize Kabul?
Emergence in Afghanistan By September 1996 they had captured Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul. Taliban emergence also started with two local commanders of the then government raped a girl. Taliban found the commanders and hung them as their punishment.
What activities were banned under the Taliban?
Decrees that affected women’s mobility were:
- Ban on women riding bicycles or motorcycles, even with their mahrams.
- Women were forbidden to ride in a taxi without a mahram.
- Segregated bus services introduced to prevent males and females travelling on the same bus.
Who are some famous people associated with Islamic fundamentalism?
Some exemplary Islamic fundamentalists include Sayyid Qutb, Abul Ala Mawdudi, and Israr Ahmed. The Wahhabi movement and its funding by Saudi Arabia is often described as being responsible for the popularity of contemporary Islamic fundamentalism. From this specific regional context, islamic fundamentalism can be seen as a branch of the far-right.
Where are the fundamentalist Muslims in the world?
Fundamentalist Muslims have emerged in recent years as a major political force in the Middle East, Africa and Asia. Although their activities sometimes do bring advantage to the United States (as in the Afghan civil war), these more often pose a danger to American interests.
When did the Islamic fundamentalist movement start and end?
The modern Islamic fundamentalist movements have their origins in the late 19th century. The Wahhabi movement, an Arabian fundamentalist movement that began in the 18th century, gained traction and spread during the 19th and 20th centuries.
Who are the Mujahideen of the Taliban in Afghanistan?
The Taliban was formed in the early 1990s by Afghan mujahideen, or Islamic guerilla fighters, who had resisted the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan (1979–89) with the covert backing of the CIA and its Pakistani counterpart, the Inter-Services Intelligence directorate (ISI).