What are the main ethnic groups in Tunisia?

What are the main ethnic groups in Tunisia?

Tunisian Arab ethnicity is a compilation of Arab, Berber, Turkish, and Andalusian genetic strains, but Arab traditions have been preserved most strongly, leading to a sense of strong ethnic unity. The only two real ethnic minorities of Tunisia, each roughly 1% of the total population, are Europeans and Tunisian Jews.

What is my ethnicity if I am Tunisian?

Tunisians are predominantly genetically descended from native Berber groups, with some Phoenician/Punic and other Western European as well as Middle eastern input. Tunisians are also descended, to a lesser extent, from other North African and other European peoples.

Why is Tunisia a French speaking country?

During the French colonization of Tunisia, French was introduced in public institutions, most notably the education system, which became a strong vehicle for dissemination of the language. From independence, the country gradually became arabized even though the public administration and education remained bilingual.

What are Tunisians mixed with?

Tunisians are a mix of Berber (Imazighen), Phoenician, and Arab not to mention the Romans, Turks, Spanish and French have also contributed to the gene pool.

Is Tunisia an Arab country?

It is an Arab Maghreb country and is bordered by Algeria to the west, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia has an association agreement with the European Union and is a member of the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, and the African Union.

What are Tunisians known for?

Tunisia is perhaps most famous for its wide array of historical attractions, including the ancient city of Carthage in Tunis, and the huge Amphitheater of El Jem near Sousse, which show off the influences of various civilizations that have settled in the country over the years.

Is it safe to holiday in Tunisia 2020?

Is all of Tunisia safe? No – the Foreign Office still advises against travel to parts of southern and western Tunisia, especially where the country borders Libya. It advises against all travel to: Within 20km of the rest of the Libya border area north of Dhehiba.

What kind of people are the people of Tunisia?

Perhaps because it is a smaller nation, the Tunisian people self-identify almost exclusively as belonging to a single ethnic group: Arab. In fact, about 98% of Tunisians claim to be of Arab decent. This makes sense, considering the fact that Tunisia has been the center of Arabic trading routes across the Mediterranean for centuries.

What kind of language is spoken in Tunisia?

French especially is still spoken widely, although the official language of the nation is Tunisian Arabic. That last 1% identifies as being Tunisian Jewish. Jews maintained a large population in Tunisia for roughly 2,000 years and established a distinct ethnic group.

What’s the religion of the majority in Tunisia?

Islam is the main official religion of Tunisia with a rate of around 70% of the population. 99% of Tunisians are Sunni Muslims of the Maliki rite, the rest being attached to the Hanafi cult. There is also a small community of Muslim Sufis but there are no statistics regarding its size.

What was the population of Tunisia in 2019?

Tunisia’s population was estimated to be around 11.6 million in mid-2019. In the generally youthful African continent, Tunisia’s population is among the most mature.

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