What are the factors that contribute to the high infant mortality rate in many African countries?

What are the factors that contribute to the high infant mortality rate in many African countries?

IMR is particularly high in the first month of life, with a neonatal mortality of 40 out of every 1000 live births. The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).

What factors cause high infant mortality rate?

Causes of Infant Mortality Preterm birth and low birth weight. Maternal pregnancy complications. Sudden infant death syndrome. Injuries (e.g., suffocation).

What causes child mortality in Africa?

Linkages with maternal health. Child mortality is inextricably linked with maternal mortality. In Africa, at least 25 per cent of all deaths in children under-five occur within the first month, 75 per cent of these during the first week. Causes include infection, asphyxia, and preterm and low birth weight.

What are the major factors in Africa to have high death rate?

Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019

Characteristic Distribution of causes of death
Lower respiratory infections 9.9%
Diarrhoeal diseases 6.4%
HIV/AIDS 5.6%
Ischaemic heart disease 5.5%

Which country in Africa has the highest birth rate?

Niger
Niger recorded the highest crude birth rates in Africa in 2020, with 48 births were recorded per 1,000 inhabitants.

Which country in Africa has the highest infant mortality rate?

Of the 20 countries in the world with the highest risk of neonatal death, 15 (75 percent) are in Africa. Liberia has the highest risk of newborn death, with 6.6 percent of babies dying in the first month of life.

Which country has highest SIDS rate?

More recently, the highest SIDS rates (0.5 in 1000 live births) were in New Zealand and the United States. The lowest rates ( 0.2 in 1000) were in Japan and the Netherlands.

Who has the highest infant mortality rate?

Characteristic Child deaths in the first year of life per 1,000 live births
Afghanistan 106.75
Somalia 88.03
Central African Republic 84.22
Niger 68.12

What kills the most children in Africa?

Pneumonia is the biggest child killer in the world This preventable disease kills more children than any other infection in Africa and in the world.

What is the child mortality rate in Africa?

The highest rates of child mortality are still in Sub-Saharan Africa—where 1 in 9 children dies before age five, more than 16 times the average for developed regions (1 in 152). Under-five mortality rate in Africa (per 1,000 live births) declined from 163 in 1990 to 100 in 2011.

What’s the highest infant mortality rate in Africa?

Sub-Saharan Africa, which accounts for 38 percent of global neonatal deaths, has the highest newborn death rate (34 deaths per 1,000 live births in 2011).

Why is infant mortality so high in Mali?

Most people who live in Mali are very power, with around 80% of the population relying on agriculture to survive. In Mali, 1 in 2 children live in extreme poverty. The lack of access to basic healthcare as well as widespread malnutrition are two contributing factors to infant mortality.

What are factors contribute to infant mortality in developed countries?

Studies show that in less developed countries around the world some factors contributing to infant mortality are economic development, level of educational attainment, level of female educational attainment and level of expenditure on public health (Nobles, J., Shandra, J.M., & London, B., 2003).

What are the challenges in reducing child mortality in Africa?

This corresponds to an overall decline of just 9 per cent (0.7% annually), while the MDGs target an average annual rate of reduction of 4.3 per cent. It is clear that a number of challenges needs to be overcome in Africa to reduce child mortality. Low coverage of interventions and weak delivery systems.

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