What alphabet does Dari use?
Dari is the Afghan dialect of Farsi (Persian). It is written in a modified Arabic alphabet, and it has many Arabic and Persian loanwords.
What alphabet is used in Afghanistan?
Afghanistan’s Official Languages Both Pashtu and Dari are written primarily with the Arabic alphabet, however, there are some modifications.
How do Afghans speak?
The people of Afghanistan form a complex mosaic of ethnic and linguistic groups. Pashto and Persian (Dari), both Indo-European languages, are the official languages of the country. More than two-fifths of the population speak Pashto, the language of the Pashtuns, while about half speak some dialect of Persian.
How many letters does Dari and Pashto have?
Dari has added 4 letters of its own to the Arabic alphabet making its alphabet 32 letters and Pashto has added 12 letters to the Arabic alphabet making its alphabet 40 letters. Since Pashto and Dari are spoken in the same geographical region, the speakers of one language are very often exposed to the other language.
How is the alphabet written in the Dari language?
The alphabet is consonant-based. Like Arabic, it is written from right to left. Like Arabic, it can also be written in a variety of script forms. Several attempts were made in the 19th-20th centuries to replace the Perso-Arabic alphabet with Latin-based alphabets.
How is the Pashto alphabet written in English?
Below is a table showing the Pashto alphabet and how it is pronounced in English, and finally examples of how those letters would sound if you place them in a word. You saw how a letter is written and might be pronounced, but there is nothing better than hearing the sound of the letters in a video or audio.
Is the language of Afghanistan Pashto or Dari?
Dari is the national language of Afghanistan, along with Pashto. It serves as a lingua franca among speakers of the many different languages of the country. Dari is taught in schools, used in the media, and in government administration.