How does the Sahel desert affect humans?
The Sahel region of Africa has been suffering from drought on a regular basis since the early 1980s. If the rains fail it can cause drought. The result is crop failure, soil erosion, famine and hunger: people are then less able to work when their need is greatest.
What is one problem people living the Sahel region of Africa face?
The region, frequently struck by drought and food insecurity, is projected to be one of the areas most severely affected by global climate change in the coming years. With up to 80% of its people living on less than $2 a day, poverty is more widespread in the Sahel than in most other parts of Africa.
How does the Sahel affect Africa?
A largely semi-arid belt of barren, sandy and rock-strewn land, the Sahel marks the physical and cultural transition between the continent’s more fertile tropical regions to the south and its desert in the north. The Sahel also suffers from ethno-religious tensions, political instability, poverty and natural disasters.
How do people adapt to living in a Sahel region?
Most people in the Sahel are farmers or herders. Throughout history, the people of this region have adapted to the challenge of farming and herding on marginal land in many ways. One adaptation was to plant crops such as millet and sorghum, which are grains that can flourish in dry places.
Why do people live in the Sahel region?
Both desert and grazing land, the Sahel has attracted a population as varied as its environment. Some are semi-nomadic cattle herders, moving with the seasonal flooding of the Niger. Others are farmers, eking out a living from millet and sorghum. But many groups owe their culture strictly to the Sahel.
What is special about the Sahel?
Sahel, one of the world’s youthful region The Sahel is also endowed with enormous renewable energy potential; it has more solar energy production capacity than other regions of the world. The macroeconomic conditions in the Sahel have been steadier and stronger than the continental average over the past decade.
Where is Sahel Africa?
Sahel, Arabic Sāḥil, semiarid region of western and north-central Africa extending from Senegal eastward to Sudan. It forms a transitional zone between the arid Sahara (desert) to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south.
How do people adapt to living in oases?
People in oases have adapted too like the tarug to their enviroment. They too wear robes but don’t come out often in the day unless they are farming. They farm the commonly found date palms, or can plant cash crop like wheat, barley, and vegetables, trading them with nomadic herders to get what they need.
What is the climate in the Sahel?
The climate of the Sahel is arid and hot, with strong seasonal variations in rainfall and temperature. The Sahel receives about 200-600 mm (6-20 in) of rainfall a year, which falls mostly in the May to September monsoon season.
How did people survive in the Sahel desert?
Although drought and famine were unavoidable components of life in this harsh region, the people were relatively prosperous and developed agricultural and livestock practices that allowed local populations to endure and recover from the extremes of nature (Office of Technology Assessment 1986).
What is the population of the Sahel region?
The Sahel spans Africa to the south of the Sahara Desert. While geographic definitions vary, it generally separates the Sahara in the north of Africa and the tropical savannahs to the south. The semi-arid region is home to a population of some 300 million people, and is the most youthful region of the world, with 65% of its population under 25.
Why are there so many crises in the Sahel region?
Political instability has plagued some of the Sahel’s countries for years. In Mali, the military coup of March 2012 brought an abrupt halt to 20 years of stable democracy. In its aftermath, terrorists who had occupied most of the northern region started heading south, intent on taking control of the whole country.
Where was the Sahel desert located in Africa?
Written By: Sahel, Arabic Sāḥil, semiarid region of western and north-central Africa extending from Senegal eastward to Sudan. It forms a transitional zone between the arid Sahara (desert) to the north and the belt of humid savannas to the south.