How did indirect rule work in African colonies?
In Africa. According to Lugard, Indirect Rule was a political doctrine which held that the Europeans and Africans were culturally different to this extent, Africans had to be ruled through the Africans own institution.
How did indirect rule allowed European nations to rule over Africa?
Indirect Rule Primarily, the British used indirect rule to govern their colonies. Lord Lugard, a British colonial administrator, used this system of government first in Nigeria and later brought it to British East Africa. This system of government assumed that all Africans were organized as “tribes” with chiefs.
Did German colonies use indirect control?
The Germans established a colonial administration that embraced both direct and indirect rule in proportions that varied from one colony to another, and even at times within the same colonial territory, depending on the local situation. Their loyalty was primarily to the appointing colonial authority.
How did Nigeria use the indirect rule?
Indirect Rule in Northern Nigeria One of the reasons for the adoption of indirect rule was for the purpose of local government, along traditional lines. The protectorate of the Northern Nigeria was divided into six (6) provinces and each was under a British official known as “resident”.
Who is father of indirect rule?
His book, “The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa” (1922), not only gained him the award of the Gold Medal of fche Royal Geographical Society, but immediately became a classic, as Lord Athlone said in his address of presentation, when he also spoke of Lord Lugard as “the father of indirect rule”.
What is direct and indirect rule?
Direct colonial rule is a form of colonialism that involves the establishment of a centralized foreign authority within a territory, which is run by colonial officials. The opposite of direct colonial rule is indirect rule, which integrates pre-established local elites and native institutions into the government.
What was true of indirect control?
What was true of indirect control? It had limited self rule.
What is meaning of indirect rule?
A system of government of one nation by another in which the governed people retain certain administrative, legal, and other powers. ‘This policy of indirect rule left local political arrangements and traditions largely intact. ‘
What is the difference between direct rule and indirect rule?
Direct rule is a system of governmental rule in which the central authority has power over the country. Indirect rule is a system of government in which a central authority has power over a country or area, but the local government maintains some authority.
What are the weakness of indirect rule?
Disadvantages of Indirect Rule System (i) Indirect rule excluded educated elites from colonial administration. (ii) It increased the powers of traditional rulers without regards to in built traditional checks and balances. (iii) It imposed warrant chiefs, taxation where there was none.
Who is the father of indirect rule in Nigeria?
What is an example of indirect rule?
A direct rule would be where one country, say England in the early 17th century, rules another country using its own laws and people. I will use British and French colonization in Africa as an example of indirect rule. After the scramble for Africa, British and French colonies in Africa were mainly ruled indirectly.
How did England indirect rule in its African colonies?
England’s Indirect Rule in Its African Colonies For much of the 19th century, Europeans occupied footholds in African port cities and relied on African middlemen and trade networks to bring trade goods and raw materials to the coast. Before the 19th century the most valuable elements of this trade had included slaves.
What was the difference between direct and indirect rule?
Direct rule is when an imperial or central power takes direct control over the legislature, executive and civil administration of an otherwise largely self-governing territory. Indirect rule on the other hand is a system of government used by the British and French to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia.
What was the difference between British and French indirect rule?
The British indirect rule was a system of administrative decentralisation. The French method seemed to justify a highly centralised political system. There was mass education by missionaries and the government in British colonies.
When did indirect rule start in West Africa?
So too was much of the West African holdings. The ideological underpinnings, as well as the practical application, of indirect rule in Kenya and Nigeria is usually traced to the work of Frederick Lugard, the High Commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria from 1899 to 1906.