How did Equatorial Guinea gain its independence?

How did Equatorial Guinea gain its independence?

In March 1968, under pressure from Equatoguinean nationalists and the United Nations, Spain announced that it would grant independence to Equatorial Guinea. In September 1968, Francisco Macías Nguema was elected first president of Equatorial Guinea, and independence was granted in October.

When did Guinea Ecuatorial gain independence?

October 12, 1968
Equatorial Guinea/Founded

How did Spain get Equatorial Guinea?

Between 1778 and 1810, Spain administered the territory of Equatorial Guinea via its colonial Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata, based in Buenos Aires (in present-day Argentina). Based on an agreement with Spain in 1843, Britain moved its base to its own colony of Sierra Leone in West Africa.

When did Spanish Guinea become independent?

1778
Spanish Guinea/Founded

What are interesting facts about Equatorial Guinea?

12 Interesting Facts About Equatorial Guinea

  • Almost 20% of the country is environmentally protected land.
  • Has Spanish as the official language.
  • The third-largest oil exporter in Sub-Saharan Africa.
  • Same president has served since 1979.
  • One of the richest countries in Africa, but the wealth is concentrated.

Who colonized Guinea?

France
The land that is now Guinea belonged to a series of African empires until France colonized it in the 1890s, and made it part of French West Africa. Guinea declared its independence from France on 2 October 1958.

Which country is known as Spanish Guinea?

Republic of Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea consists of two parts, an insular and a mainland region….Equatorial Guinea.

Republic of Equatorial Guinea República de Guinea Ecuatorial (Spanish) République de Guinée Équatoriale (French) República da Guiné Equatorial (Portuguese)
Driving side right
Calling code +240
ISO 3166 code GQ
Internet TLD .gq

Who colonized Spanish Morocco?

The Spanish protectorate in Morocco was established on 27 November 1912 by a treaty between France and Spain that converted the Spanish sphere of influence in Morocco into a formal protectorate….Spanish protectorate in Morocco.

Spanish Protectorate in Morocco Protectorado español en Marruecos الحماية الإسبانية على المغرب
Capital Tetuán

Why didn’t Spain colonize Africa?

Spain didn’t colonize outside of North Africa for several reasons. 1) They didn’t have to, since they had far more lucrative colonies in the New World. These had incredibly arable land, and brought in more money than colonies in Africa would.

When did Equatorial Guinea gain independence from Spain?

Equatorial Guinea gains Independence from Spain. With increasing nationalist sentiment and escalating pressure from the United Nations (UN) General Assembly, the journey to independence was underway. On 12 October 1968, Equatorial Guinea became an independent state with Francisco Macias Nguema as the first President.

Who was the first president of Equatorial Guinea?

On 12 October 1968, Equatorial Guinea became an independent state with Francisco Macias Nguema as the first President.

What was the colonial history of Equatorial Guinea?

12 October 1968. The colonial history of Equatorial Guinea dates back to 1471 when Portuguese explorers descended on the country.

Why is Independence Day important in Equatorial Guinea?

This special day holds an important position in the history of Equatorial Guinea, as it marks the country’s freedom their former colonial masters. This is the day when Equatorial Guinea finally gained complete independence from Spain after being one of its colonies for nearly 300 years.

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